The poverty of the area is exacerbated by natural and man-made disasters, some of which could be remedied through the ECHO awareness program:
Snow and avalanches
Attacks by insects and parasites
Deforestation, lopping of trees, timber extraction
Livestock grazing and grass cutting, resulting in habitat destruction
Hunting and poaching
Excessive use of wood in buildings and in fireplaces
A secondary reason for ECHOs creation is The conservation of the Southern Himalayan threatened and endangered species and their habitat in collaboration with local communities.