The people are lacking of following basic necessities

  1. Landslides
  2. Earthquakes
  3. Snow and avalanches
  4. Attacks by insects and parasites
  5. Deforestation, lopping of trees, timber extraction
  6. Livestock grazing and grass cutting, resulting in habitat destruction
  7. Hunting and poaching
  8. Mineral extraction
  9. A secondary reason for ECHO's creation is the conservation of the Southern Himalayan threatened and endangered species and their habitat in collaboration with local communities.